She changed into inside the early ranges of a courting with a person who pretended to be a police officer. He become regularly greater controlling and, at one factor, he became jealous of images on her smartphone. “He punched me within the lower back of the top, then he raped me… the second one time he attacked me he had a big kitchen knife.”
Rebecca – no longer her real call – subsequently said her attacker to the police. It turned out that he turned into a prisoner launched on licence, with a records of violence in opposition to girls. He changed into to start with charged with 3 counts of rape, as well as attack by beating and fake imprisonment. But Rebecca was later informed that the Crown Prosecution carrier became losing expenses, because if a jury noticed the amicable WhatsApp messages among Rebecca and her attacker – the messages Rebecca says she despatched to her abuser to placate him so that it will try to live alive – they might no longer convict.
Rebecca isn’t the best rape survivor to have been denied the chance of justice in latest years. Annie Tisshaw says she became raped in her flat by way of a man she were on some dates with. She mentioned it to the police and changed into informed it turned into a “effective” case by means of the CPS, but a yr later become knowledgeable it was losing the case because of “inconsistencies” that covered text messages she despatched before the rape and the fact she did now not appearance “mainly scared or nervous” in CCTV photographs from in advance that night time.
Figures out ultimate week propose that there could be many different ladies with stories like Rebecca’s and Annie’s. Regardless of a 9% growth in the range of rapes said to the police within the ultimate 12 months, there has been a sizable fall inside the quantity of cases being taken to trial by way of the CPS. The range of rape costs fell by way of 38% in a year, the variety of rape prosecutions by way of 33%, and the variety of convictions via 27%. It’s miles the second one 12 months jogging that the wide variety of rape costs has fallen dramatically.
Those hanging figures advise that there was a damaging trade in method to prosecuting rape at the CPS, in spite of the strenuous denials of its director of public prosecutions, Max Hill. He has blamed falling prosecution and conviction prices on the police, pointing to fewer referrals of rape cases to the CPS and the increasing extent of digital evidence police and prosecutors need to paintings through as a result of the proliferation of smartphones and different devices. However Hill’s explanation does now not add up. Whilst it’s miles undoubtedly the case that police capacity is suffering because of spending cuts – police numbers have fallen with the aid of 20,000 seeing that 2010 – CPS decisions to prosecute rape instances have declined almost two times as rapid as police referrals to the CPS. Furthermore, the police take advice from prosecutors about what to refer to the CPS, so it is absolutely viable that the CPS itself might be influencing police referral fees.
There were vital indicators of a shift in approach on the CPS. From 2009 onwards, the CPS promoted a “merits-based totally” approach to prosecuting rape: in preference to looking totally on the probability of securing a conviction from a jury, prosecutors had been advised to take decisions based at the deserves of the evidence within the case. This changed into meant to avoid conditions where the CPS determine no longer to proceed in spite of there being strong goal proof due to the fact they fear that the pervasive myths and stereotypes about rape mean that a jury could however fail to convict.
But, remaining yr the mum or dad suggested that staff at the CPS had been worried about a move faraway from this method. In 2017, senior CPS group of workers held a series of unpublicised “roadshows” with prosecutors across the united states of america, in which they stated the CPS “need to be winning greater trials than we’re dropping” and urged prosecutors to take a share of “weak cases out of the device” so that you can enhance conviction prices. While the CPS has denied this signalled a exchange in approach, it did no longer challenge this account of what its senior body of workers stated.
Together with the dramatic decline inside the rape prosecution price, this shows that since 2017 the CPS has raised the bar for prosecuting rape cases so as to push up conviction rates. However given excessive ranges of societal prejudice about rape – “she sleeps round so she deserves it”; “she’s consented to intercourse with him earlier than, in order that’s no longer rape”; “if she gets blind inebriated, what does she count on to manifest?” – which might be fuelled with the aid of media narratives that wildly exaggerate the quantity of false rape allegations, that is nothing less than the CPS pandering to rape myths to make it appear to be its performance is enhancing. It means complicated cases, consisting of people who involve girls with intellectual health problems or who understand their attacker nicely, are less probable to visit court docket.
It’s far a image of the way a ways we should move as a society in recognising and addressing the extent of violence perpetrated through men towards ladies. In per week in which it became discovered that the wide variety of home violence killings had hit a five-yr high, the domestic violence bill become not on time once more, due to the prorogation of parliament, and Geoffrey Boycott became given a knighthood no matter a conviction for the violent assault of his girl partner.